Keywords: Big Circle Boys, Big Circle Gang, Dai Huen Jai, Red Guards

Big Circle Boys born of Red Guards: Drugs, loansharking among Asian gang's specialities
"The Big Circle Boys, or Dai Huen Jai, has its origins in the Red Guards, the paramilitary troops of the Chinese Cultural Revolution who terrorized intellectuals and the upper class. After Mao Zedong's death in 1976, many Red Guards were sent to re-education prison camps around the city of Canton -- represented on maps by a big circle, hence the name -- where they were tortured and starved. Having been through this degradation and having military training, they have a fearsome reputation. A number escaped and fled to Hong Kong, where they obtained falsified documents to come to Canada, coming to police attention in 1987 in Vancouver. Big Circle Boys are extremely mobile, having a national network in major cities in Canada and the U.S. They are difficult to detect because they work in small cells, which are next to impossible to infiltrate. Here are some of the criminal activities associated with Asian organized crime:"

"the Big Circle Boys (Dai Huen Jai or BCB)...is less a single, centrally led organization than a loosely affiliated group of gangs operating independently and cooperating only when needed. Several BCB gangs often operate in the same large city. The BCB's roots can be traced to the late 1960s. The original members were mostly former Red Guards who had been purged from the Peoples' Liberation Army and sent to prison camps in Guangzhou (Canton), known as the "Big City." The prison camps were outlined with big circles on Chinese maps of the time, leading to the name "Big Circle Boys." The ex-Red Guards were treated harshly in prison and, upon their release or escape between 1969 and 1975, turned to crime as a way of life. While the BCB organization is not a triad, its operations are nearly as sophisticated as those of the triads. BCB members are active in drug trafficking, migrant smuggling and large-scale credit card forgery and fraud. The triads and the BCB are also believed to be working with a variety of transnational crime syndicates, including the Russian/Eastern European mafiya, and outlaw motorcycle gangs." (Transnational Criminal Activity)

Vancouver gang wars claim 2 more victims
"The shooting of the two men in this most recent brazen, targeted attack is just more of what police say is a spike in gang violence. Another victim, Hong Chao Huang, also known as Raymond, was shot to death late Saturday night as he was about to enter his $5 million mansion in the elegant west-side neighbourhood of Shaughnessy. The victim's 10-year-old daughter phoned 911 to tell police that her father had been gunned down outside their home. Huang, 45, was a reputed leader in the Dai Huen Jai, or Big Circle Boys gang, which has been quiet for the last few years in the Lower Mainland. He had been connected to the crime syndicate's operations in Toronto – where he lived for at least a decade – as well as in Alberta and Vancouver, according to a police source."

OVERVIEW
"Another Chinese transnational crime syndicate of interest is the Big Circle Boys (Dai Huen Jai or BCB). This is less a single, centrally led organization than a loosely affiliated group of gangs operating independently and cooperating only when needed. Several BCB cells often operate in the same large city. While the BCB organization is not a triad, its operations are nearly as sophisticated as those of the triads. BCB members are active in drug trafficking, migrant smuggling and large-scale credit card forgery and fraud." Canadian Security Intelligence Service Report

Asian Organized Crime in Australia, Feb 1995, Paragraph 4.12, Notes #26, #27, and #28
http://www.fas.org/irp/world/australia/docs/ncaaoc2.html

Big Circle Gang threatens law and order
http://www.australian-news.com.au/drugs.htm

See also the Wikipedia article on the gang.