A report on Indonesian migrant workers points out that villagers wanting to work abroad in places like Hong Kong and Taiwan must make local arrangements with agencies that fund their travel, even to the major cities within Indonesia to file their paperwork. While the report doesn't discuss the issue outright, it does recommend in its conclusion that laws be enacted to protect migrant workers against bribery, corruption, collusion, and nepotism, both in leaving and returning to Indonesia, and while abroad, effectively admitting that these problems exist. (Size, Nature, Issues and Policies of International Migration From Indonesia to Asia, by the Indonesian Ministry of Research and Technology, circa 2004)